Saint George and the princess of Trabzon, Pisanello


1380-1395 Antonio di Puccio Pisano, Pisanello was born in Pisa, Italy.

His biographical data are scarce and confusing, he appears in the biographies of art historians with different names, such as Antonio di Puccio da Cereto or Vittore Pisano, with this second name he is quoted by Giorgio Vasari

He spent his early years in San Vigilio, south of Verona, and it is possible that his teacher was Altichiero or Stefano da Verona, since his style is close to the traditional painting of the Veronese.

He is one of the first Renaissance in the Italian Quattrocento, recognized, acclaimed by poets such as Guarino of Verona and praised by humanists who compare him to such important names as Cimabue, Fidias and Praxíteles.

1415-1420, Pisanello is an assistant to the great Gentile da Fabriano from whom it is very likely that he acquired his refined, delicate and detailed style.

 The frescoes in the Doge’s Palace in Venice, in which they work together, disappear, as do the frescoes in the Basilica of St. John Lateran and the palaces of Mantua and Pavia.

In 1422, he is placed in Mantua in the service of the young Ludovico Gonzaga, and it is recorded that he continued to work for the Gonzaga family until the 1440s.

Giorgio Vasari, states that Pisanello also works in the workshop of Andrea del Castagno in 1456.

He is best known for his magnificent and resplendent frescoes on huge murals, but also for his small easel paintings and drawings, of which a considerable collection is preserved.

These drawings are considered jewels of the quatroccento, providing data on the attire of the time, including spectacular hats.

Unlike his contemporaries, his drawings are not drafts for future paintings, they are autonomous works of art.

He compiles several books of drawings, detailed and exact studies of the fauna and flora drawn with a poetic naturalism.

He is also a brilliant medalist in the first half of the 15th century.

He works for the Duce of Venice, for the Pope, in the Vatican, for the courts of Verona, Ferrara, Mantua, Milan, Rimini, and for the King of Naples.

For years, many of his works were wrongly attributed to other painters, such as Piero dalla Francesca, Albrecht Dürer, and Leonardo da Vinci.

 Most of his paintings disappear, but a good part of his drawings and medals have survived.

The Virgin of the Quail, currently in the Museo di Castelvecchio in Verona, is signed by Antonius Pisanus, and dated 1420;

The style of this work is a mixture of the styles of Gentile da Fabriano and Stefano da Verona.

 1424-1426, he painted one of his important works that survive: the fresco of «The Annunciation at San Fermo», from Verona.

When Gentile da Fabriano died in Rome in 1427, he was working on the Basilica of Saint John Lateran, Pisanello completed the frescoes of his former master between 1431 and 1432.

All of them are destroyed when the basilica is rebuilt in the 17th century by Francesco Borromini.

Travel to various cities in Italy.

Spend a season in Florence; period in which he painted two important portraits: that of the Emperor Sigismund, currently in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, and Portrait of a Man, in the Palazzo Rosso, Genoa.

After a stay in Milan from 1440 to 1441, he returned to Ferrara in 1441; painting at that time his most acclaimed portrait, that of Lionello d’Este, currently at the Accademia Carrara, in Bergamo.

His Virgin and Saints Antonio and Jorge, currently in the National Gallery, London.

The impressive fresco cycle of war and cavalry scenes in the Palazzo Ducale di Mantova in Mantua is probably from 1447.

Of the work Pisanello, works are currently preserved in Rome, Venice, Verona, Pistoia and two in the National Gallery in London: The Vision of Saint Eustace and The Virgin and Child with Saint George and Saint Anthony the Abbot.

Many of his drawings can be found in the Ambrosiana Library in Milan, Italy, and in the Louvre.

Pisanello is considered the last artist and magnificent example of the courtly style of Gothic art in the 15th century, or International Gothic.

On the other hand, it can also be considered as one of the early Renaissance.

He died between 1450 and 1455; it is given as probable to be between July 14 and October 8, 1455.

Ruiza, M., Fernández, T. y Tamaro, E. (2004). Biografía de Il Pisanello [Antonio Pisano]. En Biografías y Vidas. La enciclopedia biográfica en línea. Barcelona (España).


Publicado por ilabasmati

Licenciada en Bellas Artes, FilologÍa Hispánica y lIiteratura Inglesa.

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