The German Werkbund is founded in 1907 by 12 artists, including Peter Behrens, Josef Hoffmann, Hermann Muthesius and Richard Riemer-Smid, and 12 companies.
The goal is a refined industrial product, which for them involves all disciplines of art, such as crafts and industry, urban planning, etc.
At the beginning the publication of yearbooks and later, increasingly, exhibitions, contributes to the dissemination of his ideas.
The first in Cologne in 1914, includes more than 50 buildings, among which those of Walter Gropius, Bruno Taut and Henry van der Velde stand out.
Others show a neoclassical style.
When Herman Muthesius in a conference on the continuation of the Werkbund’s trajéctory mentions typification as the main objective, the so-called Werkbundstreit or struggle of the Werkbund arises, in which Henry van der Velde adopts opposite artistic positions.
1913 the Swiss and Austrian Werkbund emerge.
During World War I, the industry lost its role in the German Werkbund, because it adopted a more spiritual than economic function.
1924 the exhibition form without ornament produces the rebirth of the consideration for its activities.
Under the direction of Mies van der Rohe, the exhibition The House was held in 1927 in Stuttgart, which in addition to Le Corbusier’s Weissenhof housing estate, presents works by J.JP. Oud and Mart Stam, among others.
The common theme is the industrialization of construction.
Later there are also exhibitions in neighboring countries, in which the idea is interpreted differently as in 1928 in Brno, 1929 in Wroclaw, or 1932 in Vienna.
The residences of the urbanization of the Czech Werkbund or Baba of Prague from 1932, stand as a particularity for specific clients.
The Werkbund Neubuhl housing estate of 1932 is characterized by a carefully conceived general complex.
1949 an exhibition is organized in Cologne that deals with the reconstruction of the country.
They also show Max Bill’s composition, The Good Form, a concept formulated by the subsequent work.
Ten years later, new social demands such as uncontrolled urban development and the deterioration of the environment become important.